PLACES TO VISIT IN JODHPUR
From Jaisalmer, we reached Jodhpur after a 5 hours travel. Here we stayed for two days and visited the main spots and after finishing shopping, we left for Udaipur.
QUICK HISTORY OF JODHPUR
Before exploring Jodhpur, here is some of the histories and facts of Jodhpur.
- Jodhpur is called as “SUN CITY”, because of the extreme climate it faces, mostly sunny and rare rainfall.
- It is the second largest city of Rajasthan
- Jodhpur is named after the King, who founded it. The King Rao Jodha who founded Jodhpur, was a Rajput chief of Rathore clan
- Rao JODHA – JODHPUR
- It is also called as the “BLUE CITY”, because of the blue painted houses and buildings in the old city.
- Some folks believe that the city is painted blue because of the following reasons :
- To beat the heat of the city,
- To attract the traders, as Jodhpur lies in the trading route.
- Some believe that it is the Ruler’s orders.
PLACES WE EXPLORED IN JODHPUR
The places we explored in Jodhpur are Umaid Bhavan Palace and Mehangargh Fort.
UMAID BHAVAN PALACE
One of the largest and grand private residence is Umaid Bhavan Palace in Jodhpur.
It was built by the King Umaid Singh in order to provide employment during the drought time, which was started in 1929 and ended in 1943.
Umaid Bhavan is also called as “CHITTOR PALACE” as stones were obtained from Chittar Hills.
There are three functional units or sections. They are:
- Royal Residence
- Taj hotels
Indo-deco architecture was used to built this place. It is a grand, very lavish palace, built using Teak, marble and sandstone.
A section of this place, where still the Royal Family lives. It has more than 300 rooms, several courtyards, private, public meeting halls, library, dining rooms, tennis court, ball room, billiards rooms, etc,. Visitors are not allowed there.
The museum exhibits the old vintage cars used by the Royal Family. The old fort paintings, the Royal belongings are displayed and the place is well maintained.
The rare old vintage cars used by royal families are displayed in the museum. Some of them are:
A section of the place is converted into luxurious, expensive hotels. A place must be visited, once in lifetime.
One of the largest, giant and magnificent fort is Mehangargh fort. It was built by Rao Jodha in 1460. The fort is still run by the Royal Families of Jodhpur.
There are seven gates in this fort. They are in brief as follows.
This gate is the sign of victory over the wars with Bikaner and Jaipur. It was built by Maharaja Man Singh.
This gate is the sign of victory over Mughals. It marks the western gate of the fort. Maharaj Ajit Singh built this gate.
This gate has the iron spikes to stop the rambling elephants of the enemies. Maharaja Maldeo built this gate.
DODH KANGRA POL
This gate still has the cannon bill hit marks. This is the fourth gate of the seven gates.
GOPAL & BHAIRON POL
These are the small gates in the fort, which has several rooms for safeguarding.
This is the sixth gate of seven gates. This gate has “hand imprints” of the royal queens of Maharaja Man Singh, who commited sati. This sati remarks the last massive sati.
This is the final gate of the fort, it leads to the coronation courtyard, where the king is coronated. There is a special chair made of marble.
Coronation courtyard is located past Suraj pol. Here is where the King is coronated. Like this there are many mahals
There is an ancient temple inside the fort. The chamunda Mata Temple is one among them. It was located at one end of the fort, surrounded by beautiful small garden.
The fort museum exhibits many heritage resources of Rathore.
Palanquins is a travel medium for the Royal families. It has the extended rods on both sides. It is carried by the men.
Displays weapons, sword that is made of silver, ivory, iron. The swords of Akbar the great, other rulers which weighs overs 3kgs.
Royal People’s collection of elephant seats, decorated with gems, stones, silver, gold.
Daulat Khana is also called “Wealth Stone”. It is a three-storey building often called as Treasure Room.
The fort museum displays the different cradles used by the Royal Children. Janki mahal is now turned into the museum for cradles.
The fort museum shows the finest examples of marwar paintings.
MAHALS & COURTYARDS
There are different mahals and courtyard inside the fort for various purpose. Some of them are:
The Sheesh mahal also called as mirror palace. It is mainly used for religious works.
This mahal is also called as the peeping palace. Now displays the cradles of Royal kids.
The “room of flowers” is the meaning of Phool mahal, which is the private hall of the Royals.
Maharaja Abhaya Singh built this grand Phool Mahal. It is believed that the Phool Mahal was a private and exclusive chamber of pleasure. This mahal is painted and decorated in gold.
Moti mahal is the largest period room of the fort, also called the pearl palace. The king used to sit on his throne and meet all his officials. The Moti Mahal has five windows leading to hidden balconies.
It is believed that the balconies were built for the five queens of the Maharaja to enable them to listen in on court proceeding. They are so intelligent so they participate in decision making.
The following picture shows the King Takhat’s bedroom. As he was interested in art, the ceiling was painted on variety of subjects.
Royal women with their children lived at the end of the fort, where no men are allowed except King.
IN AND AROUND THE FORT
We returned back to hotel and had our lunch. We had naan, paneer masala, dhaal, gulab jamun, cucumber and sabji.
After enjoying our lunch, we departed to Udaipur. We had a good time in Jodhpur. Beautiful and admirable Place.
In case if you missed exloring Jaisalmer, click Jaisalmer.
For Bikaner, Click – explore now.
To explore next episode, click UDAIPUR